ENABLERS Description
Pressure from Market Trade and commercial practices, competitors, customer satisfaction, etc. are all indicators of pressure from market on the manufacturing organizations to stay competitive in business. However, GSCM implementation is one of the ways for organizations to inform stakeholders that their environmental management practices are sound, useful, and critical due to significant importance gained by this topic in recent years. Moreover, it has also been observed that public concern about societal issues drives the implementation of proactive environmental practices in manufacturing
Government promotions and regulations Government promotions and regulations play a critical role in encouraging manufacturing organizations to adopt sustainability practices. The conformance to law enforcement and judicial regulations is essential to maintain proactive environmental strategies to enhance environmental performance. Various performance measures help the organizations to keep a regular track of regulatory compliance, waste and emissions and customer and community satisfaction. The government policies signifi- cantly affect the growth of manufacturing sector as the framed policies control the market scenarios in which the business activities are carried in addition to the role played by the industry itself. Thus, there is a need from both the Government agencies and Industrial houses to jointly put efforts in certain areas, preferably, through well-defined Public-Private partnership mode.
Economic Benefits The policy environment adopted by any organization given their manufacturing operations primarily determine their long-term financial yields. Any efforts undertaken by a manufacturing company in mitigating their environmental, health and safety impacts indicates their social responsiveness and good business environment. Hence, any manufacturing firm which adopts sustainable practices, in turn, achieves improved product quality and increased market-share leading to increased profits since enhancing corporate image, and market competitiveness are considered as critical factors to sustainable manufacturing initiatives.
Investment in Innovation & Technology Innovation is considered as a crucial factor in increasing productivity and increased production output leads to both economic growth and improved standard of living. Hence, implementing advanced technological initiatives are important to enhance the performance of manufacturing organizations within the context of sustainable manufacturing.
Lowering Manufacturing Cost Indian manufacturing sector needs to be competitive enough to compete globally and is possible only when the cost of manufacturing is low. Increasing the operational level of manufacturing is difficult until and unless there exists strong demand within the domestic market initially as it is crucial for ensuring the overall growth rates. However, to increase the domestic demand, there is a need for government sector to enforce relevant policies to enhance the manufacturing share in the economy. Hence, reducing the manufacturing cost and simultaneously improving the quality of the manufacturing processes is crucial for integrating sustainability in the manufacturing sector.
Improving Quality This is one of the most critical enablers to ensure competitiveness, especially when increasing the scale of operations and delivering the products at globally accepted quality levels is a significant challenge for the manufacturing sector. This, however, enhances the need for a quality campaign at national level which must be able to cater the need of shifting the emphasis from just promoting quality standards to enabling manufacturing organizations to be competitive by adapting quality management standards and quality technology tools.
Education and Training System Education and Training System is a critical factor in improving the industry practices followed by workers in the day to day activities. This issue needs to be addressed by joint efforts of government and industry in collaboration with academicians. The isolation of training part from the manufacturing sector have had a severe impact as it has given rise to a serious mismatch between the needs of the industry and availability of availability of skilled engineers and technicians for the manufacturing industry. Hence, Inducting periodic deployment of workers training and upgraded technological education is a must for enhancing the overall performance of the manufacturing sector.
Attracting Foreign Direct Investment Foreign investments refer to both foreign portfolio investments and foreign direct investments (FDI). Foreign direct investment refers to the liberalization of universal economic ties and hence, brings better technology; management; access to marketing networks and offers healthy competition amongst other players in the field. However, some of the Indian organizations have been reluctant to foreign direct investment with a sense of belief that it could lead to loss of market share to bigger foreign players. They need to understand that with access to FDI, it can help them in further expanding their business; updating technology or even improving processes and infrastructure.
Infrastructure facilities in Transportation sector Infrastructure facilities in transportation sector refer to the development of the infrastructure for viable air, rail and road connectivity. The Indian manufacturing sector is critically dependent on transportation sector to fulfill the very basic needs of movement of goods being both raw materials as well as finished products. Hence, the upgradation of infrastructure in the transportation sector is very much necessary to make the manufacturing sector more competitive.
Development in E-Economy E-Economy has a significant influence on the growth of Indian economy as a whole. It helps in integrating various local manufacturing enterprises more to the regional and global markets. India has an excellent reputation for providing various kinds of information and communications technology (ICT) related services such as “software development, call center, and business process outsourcing”. Hence, ICT can be utilised as a valuable tool in enhancing the technological competitiveness of Indian manufacturing sector.