BARRIERS Description
Lack of awareness of sustainability concepts No or limited access to sustainability literature is the primary reason for the lack of awareness of sustainability concepts in the manufacturing organizations. More over, reluctance to attend conferences or seminars organized by government or academic institutions on the importance of adopting sustainability practices further hinders the growth of manufacturing organizations. In most of the cases, the top management does not have any knowledge about practices being followed at the shop floor level and hence further decreases the productivity of the organizations.
Lack of awareness programs conducted locally Industries are facing a lot of difficulties in adopting sustainable practices considering heavy pressure from market and resource constraints to become competitive due to lack of awareness programs. There is a need to provide proper training to the practitioners considering the profile of the industries so that they can adopt sustainable practices and maintain their growth considering competitive scenario.
Lack of awareness of local customers in green products In today’s scenario, the organizations are mainly customer-driven. Manufacturing organizations design and manufacture their products and provide services as per the needs and the expectations of the customers. Hence, the awareness of local customers in green products plays a very crucial role in the absence of which there will be not any incentive for manufacturing organizations to adopt sustainability practices.
Negative attitudes towards sustainability concepts The primary reason for negative attitudes towards sustainability concepts is the lack of proper knowledge and resistance in adopting such practices following which manufacturing organizations can become sustainable. Government institutions need to set up a suitable framework by which they can set up a legal machinery for retention of effective laws and enactment of growth oriented bye-laws.
Lack of funds for green projects Uneven distribution and unplanned budgets without caring for environmental norms is the primary reason for the lack of funds for green projects. Longer return on investment period after implementing sustainable technologies also makes it tough for small and medium enterprises to invest in it considering the higher initial cost of investment [216]. Most of the organizations do not have even enough funds for undertaking research on remanufacturing technologies. However, government norms can be framed for incentive schemes and even for strict implementation of suitable policies.
Lack of standardized metrics or performance benchmarks The absence of practical guidelines and parameters make it difficult for the manufacturing organization to assess their sustainability performance and identify their underperforming domains. Hence, suitable sustainability assessment frameworks can only be framed until and unless both practitioners and academicians collaborate with each other so that real issues can be identified and worked upon to implement sustainability considering the unique set of operations in each of the manufacturing sector.
Lack of support from senior leaders The total neglect showed by the concerned top brass in bringing change to the existing environment along with the absence of information systems, and habits are the primary issues due to which there exists no motivation for middle management and workers in the organization in pursuing the change. However, there is a need for top management to understand the importance of pursuing sustainable initiatives and hence, should provide full support regarding infrastructure and resources necessary for the implementation of sustainable manufacturing.
Cost too high The cost has always been one of the most critical factors for any manufacturing organization considering initiatives for improvements in the products or processes.High initial costs of implementing the sustainable technology constrain the practitioners from investing in it especially when return-on-investment is low. Joint efforts from government, industries, and academicians are required to make it feasible for the manufacturers to implement sustainable technologies at an effective cost.
Power Shortage The power supply which is critical to the growth of manufacturing sector has become the main bottleneck in the growth of industries due to chronic shortages, high cost, and unreliability. However, the production and distribution pattern of the power supply needs to be balanced by upgrading the existing infrastructure augmenting future needs and exploring renewable sources of energy.
Low Availability of Credit Manufacturing organizations are struggling to get credit from financial institutions to implement sustainability initiatives in their organizations. However, availability of credit at higher interest rates hinders the growth of industries [213]. Hence, banking sector needs to create ways by which credit can be provided to the manufacturing organizations at affordable lending rates.